The Gale Encyclopedia of Diets: A Guide to Health and Nutrition
M – Z
JACQUELINE L. LONGE, EDITOR
Detroit • New York • San Francisco • New Haven, Conn. • Waterville, Maine • London
Famine is the culmination of a long process, typically covering two or more crop seasons, in which increasing numbers of people lose their access to food. Although early detection seems highly possible, the origins of famine are unclear, and early response is therefore rare. Famine is distinct from generalized hunger, , or undernourishment. It is a more dramatic and exceptional event that triggers institutional responses.