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failure and thrive

Kidney Diet
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...failure the patient is experiencing, but generally
Electrolytes
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...failure. This is a common cause of electrolyte imb
Renal Nutrition
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...failure and treatments Anemia and Erythropoietin (
Low-Protein Diet
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...failure and to reduce the workload on the kidney o
Diabetes Mellitus
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...failure. A number of risk factors are attributed t
Food Poisoning
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...failure of food handlers to wash their hands. Rest
Heart Disease
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...failure. Acute RHD requires aggressive treatment t
Calorie Restriction
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...failure to consume an adequate calorie intake may ...thrive in children are the most obvious signs of
Diuretics and Diets
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...failure (CHF), and idiopathic intracranial hyperte
Glossary
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...failure to thrive: lack of normal developmental pr...thrive: lack of normal developmental progr


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Failure to Thrive

Failure to thrive is a term used to describe infants and young children who are not growing or are losing weight due to malnutrition, neglect, abuse, or medical conditions. In failure to thrive, the child may have a low body weight (below the third percentile for the child's age), a low height for age, or a small head circumference. A child with failure to thrive is not eating or being offered enough calories to meet his or her nutritional needs. Besides impaired growth, other symptoms include tiredness, sleeplessness, irritability, lethargy, resistance to eating, vomiting, and problems with elimination. The child may be suffering from an illness, medical condition, or recurring infections; taking medications; or come from a poor, distressed, or socially isolated family. To attain normal growth levels, a child with this condition requires from 1.5 to 2 times the normal amount of calories.

Heidi J. Silver

Bibliography

Bithoney, W. G.; Dubowitz, H.; and Egan, H. (1992). "Failure to Thrive/Growth Deficiency." Pediatrics in Review 13:453–460.

Schwartz, D. (2000). "Failure to Thrive: An Old Nemesis in the New Millennium." Pediatrics in Review 21:257–264.

Internet Resource

American Academy of Pediatrics. "Failure To Thrive." <http://www.medem.com>


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